Fires are detected by a simple circuit known as a fire alarm circuit, which then activates buzzers or sirens.
The prompt identification of fires and the protection of people and property depend on the usage of fire
alarm circuits. Security systems use smoke sensors and fire alarm circuits to help detect or stop danger. In
public areas like theatres, malls, and other commercial buildings, smoke detectors and fire alarm systems
must be installed.Utilising components that are readily available, such as the thermistor, LM358
germanium diode, LM341, and NE555, we developed five extremely simple fire alarm circuits. As
independent devices, there are several high-priced and intricate fire alarm circuits available. The buzzer,
the operational amplifier, and the thermostator are the only components in this very simple alarm circuit.
A fire alarm system's primary objective is to alert people in advance of a fire so they may evacuate and
take prompt action to lessen the fire's consequences as soon as possible. Both manually at a call point
(remotely) and with the aid of detectors, alarms can be activated.
Department of BSH, Institute of Engineering and Management, Kolkata- 700091
Page Number: 6-7
In order to improve driving safety, this research article describes the development and use of an
automobile safety system that makes use of Arduino microcontrollers and a variety of sensors. The
suggested system is based on the combination of infrared, ultrasonic, and fire sensors, which give a
thorough picture of the area around the automobile. An Arduino-based control unit processes the sensor
data in real-time and notifies the driver to possible risks including barriers, pedestrians, and other
cars.Through extensive testing and simulation using both real-world scenarios and simulated conditions,
the effectiveness of this proposed car safety system was assessed.The findings shown that this system can
effectively identify possible risks and promptly alert drivers, thereby lowering the chance of accidents.As
a result, this vehicle safety system is a dependable and efficient solution to improve driving safety. It does
so by utilising Arduino microcontrollers and a variety of sensors to provide the driver a complete picture
of the surrounds of the vehicle.This method is a workable option for lowering risk factors on roads since
it is adaptable for any automobile type and reasonably simple to deploy.
Department of Basic Science and Humanities (CSE), Institute of Engineering and Management, Kolkata-
Page Number: 8-11
An electrical tool used to project images is called a projector. They may be able to educate more
effectively and make better use of class time as a result. This research focuses on building a DIY small
projector. Despite being quite expensive, the projector is very useful for teachers. Instead of tossing away
items which deem to be of no value at all, we thought about creating a projector inexpensively. On the
basis of the various experiments we've conducted, we're attempting to recycle those materials to create a
small projector. We constructed the projector out of cardboard, and to check the clarity of the image, we
used a magnifying lens and several forms of lighting.and to be aware of the outcomes of our experiments.
We used the projector to give small children a little narrative and it was tested during that time. As a
consequence, we saw that the kids pay close attention and seem to like the narrative. We demonstrated
that teachers may utilise a DIY tiny projector effectively and affordably, especially when instructing
The era of wireless technology has arrived! Numerous wireless applications, such as wirelessly powered
lights, wireless smart homes, wireless chargers, and more, have been developed as a result of wireless
technology. The Tesla coil is credited as being Nikola Tesla's most well-known discovery. Tesla
developed the Tesla coil as a result of his desire to produce wireless energy. Since this coil doesn't require
a complex circuit, it can be found in many everyday items like remote controls, cell phones, laptops, X-
ray machines, neon and fluorescent lights, and more. The coil works by generating a magnetic field when
an electric current flows through it, which can be used for a variety of purposes such as transmitting
signals or powering devices. It is a simple yet essential component in many modern technologies.
A switching device that is triggered by rainfall is known as a rain sensor or rain switch. Rain sensors are
primarily used in two different contexts. The first is a water-saving device that is connected to an
automatic irrigation system and causes it to turn off during a downpour. The second application is in the
automotive sector, where rain sensors are used to turn on windscreen wipers automatically when rain is
sensed, increasing driver convenience and safety. This technology has become a standard feature in many
modern cars and has greatly improved driving conditions during inclement weather. Additionally, some
rain sensors are now capable of adjusting the wiper speed based on the intensity of the rainfall, further
enhancing their effectiveness.
International Journal of Innovative Research in Physics (IJIIP)
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